Pneumonia is a common disease that involves inflammation and infection of the lungs. Pneumonia has a high incidence in children and elderly people.
People with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, weak immune system, diabetes, people who have suffered surgical interventions and people who have followed chemotherapy or other forms of cancer treatments are also very exposed to developing pneumonia.
There are many forms of pneumonia and the disease is caused by various factors. Pneumonia is commonly caused by viruses and bacteria. Viral pneumonia is generally less serious and generates less pronounced symptoms: cough, difficulty breathing, muscle pain, headache and fatigue.
This form of pneumonia doesn’t always require treatment and the disease usually clears on itself in a short period of time.
When pneumonia is caused by bacteria, the disease can become serious in the absence of appropriate medical treatment. Some forms of bacterial pneumonia develop quickly and generate intense symptoms: cough (producing mucus), shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, chest pain and discomfort, dizziness, headache, nausea and fever.
When pneumonia is caused by bacteria, the disease needs to be discovered quickly and immediate medical treatment with antibiotics is required for overcoming the disease.
The main cause of bacterial pneumonia is infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae. This bacterium is very contagious and can be easily contracted by air or by direct contact with a contaminated person.
Although most people who suffer from pneumonia respond well to medical treatments with antibiotics, the bacteria responsible for causing pulmonary diseases have become increasingly resistant to common medications.
Typical medical treatments with antibiotics are not always effective against the infectious agents responsible for the development of pneumonia and therefore it is best to take steps in preventing the occurrence of the disease.
Despite the fact that pneumonia is sometimes difficult to overcome through common means of medical treatment, the development of the disease can be effectively prevented through the means of pneumonia vaccines.
People who are administered the pneumonia vaccine will become immune against Streptococcus pneumoniae and other bacteria and viruses responsible for causing pneumonia. Pneumonia vaccines can also prevent the development of other infectious diseases caused by common bacteria and viruses.
Pneumonia vaccines contain modified material obtained from strains of pneumococci bacteria and they are very effective against Streptococcus pneumoniae and other infectious agents.
Pneumonia vaccines can be administered to anyone and they are recommended to people who are exposed to high risks of developing the disease. Elderly people and children should be administered pneumonia vaccines, as they have weaker immune systems.
Pneumonia vaccines should also be administered to people with HIV, people with kidney disease, cirrhosis or other internal disorders that are exposed to a higher risk of developing pneumonia.
After the initial doses, people who have been administered pneumonia vaccines need to take another vaccine every five years. Elderly people and people with weak immune system should be administered the pneumonia vaccine every three or four years.
Pneumonia vaccines are very safe and have very few side effects. They are the best means of preventing the occurrence of pneumonia and doctors strongly recommend them not only to people with special conditions, but also to everyone else.