Pneumonia is a common pulmonary disease. Pneumonia causes inflammation, swelling, infection of the lungs and in some cases it can lead to serious complications. The most common cause of pneumonia is infection with bacteria and viruses.
Viral forms of pneumonia are usually less serious and generate milder symptoms (cough, difficulty breathing, a general state of fatigue). Viral forms of pneumonia usually require no medical treatment and the infection usually clears on itself in a short period of time.
Viruses are the main cause of pneumonia in small children, teenagers and elderly people.
When pneumonia is caused by infection with bacteria, the disease can be severe and it generates intense symptoms (persistent cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, nausea, headache, muscle pain). Bacterial forms of pneumonia require prompt medical intervention and appropriate treatment with antibiotics.
Bacterial infections are considered to be the main cause of pneumonia in adults.
Pneumonia can also be caused by infection with mycoplasmas, very small organisms that resemble both viruses and bacteria. Mycoplasma pneumonia evolves slowly and its generated symptoms don’t always point to pneumonia.
This form of pneumonia mostly occurs in small children and elderly people and in many cases it doesn’t require specific medical treatment.
Regardless of its causes, pneumonia is considered to be a serious disease. It is very important to pay attention to pneumonia symptoms in order to reveal the presence of the disease in time.
The most common pneumonia symptoms are: chest pain and discomfort when breathing, cough, fever, difficulty breathing, headache and fatigue. These pneumonia symptoms are common to all forms of the disease in its early stages.
When the disease is caused by infection with viruses, the most common pneumonia symptoms are: low to moderate fever, fatigue, muscular pain, swollen lymph nodes, chest pain and discomfort when breathing. Other viral pneumonia symptoms are neck inflammation and mucus-productive cough.
Some pneumonia symptoms have an unspecific character and don’t always point to pneumonia. Many symptoms of the disease are also characteristic to other respiratory conditions (sore throat, sinusitis, bronchitis).
Medical treatment isn’t usually necessary for overcoming viral pneumonia. However, if pneumonia symptoms intensify, it is best to inform your doctor about this.
When the disease is caused by infection with bacteria, the most common pneumonia symptoms are: moderate to high fever, mucus-productive cough, presence of blood in cough (sign of complication), shortness of breath, accelerated, shallow breathing, persistent chest pain and soreness when breathing, nausea, headache, abdominal pain and pronounced fatigue.
Pneumonia symptoms that suggest the occurrence of complications are cyanosis, convulsions or unconsciousness. It is strongly recommended to see a doctor as soon as you observe bacterial pneumonia symptoms.
Mycoplasma pneumonia is usually not serious and in most cases the infection clears on itself. Mycoplasma pneumonia symptoms are mild and ameliorate within a few days. Common mycoplasma pneumonia symptoms are: dry cough, nausea, fatigue, moderate fever.
Even if you experience mild symptoms, it is very important to inform a physician about your condition. Only a medical professional is able to determine whether you require medications or not.