Acne becomes a problem to almost everyone. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, there are 40-50 million Americans and that 85% among teenagers are affected by acne in just a single year.
Clogged pores which give way to a breeding ground for bacteria can lead to acne. Once the bacteria multiply and cause an infection expect, acne to come out.
If the infection is near the skin surface it is called blackhead. However, if the infection is so deep it cause severe acne where it can become a cyst. If acne and cysts are spread widely it is considered a severe case of acne wherein some advanced acne treatments are required.
Advanced Acne Treatment #1: Antibiotics for Acne
Usually antibiotics are the first one to be prescribed by dermatologists to treat acne. They can be taken alone or combined with other advanced therapies. Antibiotics are designed mainly to stop bacterial infections.
Bactrim and Septra received the highest ratings from the reviewers of Acne.org website. Bactrim is manufactured by Roche and Septra by the Monarch Pharmaceuticals. They are well known for their effectiveness on the skin and their being affordable.
Bactrim and Septra are made through the combination of the two antibiotic drugs namely sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim. Aside from Bactrim and Septra, minocycline, doxycycline and tetracycline are other kinds of antibiotics that are also being prescribed to treat acne.
Advanced Acne Treatment #2: Isotretinoin or Accutane
The Mayo Clinic mentioned that Isotretinoin or Accutane is the most powerful oral prescription to treat acne. It is used if antibiotics and other treatments are no longer effective for your acne.
Although its effectiveness to treat acne has been proven, dermatologists only considered using this as their last resort because it causes several side effects that are severe. This includes dryness of the mouth, lips, throat, eyes and nose.
It also causes nosebleeds, itching, muscle aches, depression, poor night vision and sensitivity. Pregnant women should never try Isotretinoin as it can cause severe birth defects to infants.
Advanced Acne Treatment #3: Corticosteroid Injections
According to the American Academy of Dermatology, corticosteroid injections lessen the pain and speed up the healing period of severe lesions.
As mentioned in the Acne.org, cysts and nodules that are left untreated will take weeks and months to heal because of the depth of the infection and that it hinders topical treatments from reaching the area.
Through injections, the treatment can go through deeply and another advantage of it is that it lets the patient avoid the chance of having scars due to cysts.
Advanced Acne Treatment #4: Laser Therapy
Both laser and light therapies are effective in treating moderate to severe cases of acne and acne scars. There are different types of laser and light therapies that can be used to treat a certain area or even larger areas.
These methods of treatment help in reducing the amount of oil produced by the sebaceous glands and they also kill the bacteria that cause the infections.
When home remedies and other usual treatments no longer work in getting rid of acne, you may try these advanced acne treatments. You should know that you can only acquire these treatments under the guidance of your doctor or dermatologist.